A review of the Nunn modified single patch technique for atrioventricular septal defect repair
Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) is a common congenital cardiac surgical problem. Over the years, younger and smaller infants are having operations for this condition before irreversible cardio pulmonary changes occur. Traditionally a single or two patch techniques have been used to repair this defect. However, in the past two decades an innovative method of modified single patch technique popularized by Dr. Graham Nunn has gained worldwide popularity. This review discusses the origin, surgical principles, technique and outcomes of this method, popularly known as Nunn or Australian technique. Research comparing the modified single patch technique to classic single and double patch techniques has shown good preservation of atrioventricular valve function, no residual ventricular septal defect (VSDs), low incidence of left ventricular outflow obstruction, preserved conduction, easy reproducibility, and improved perioperative and long-term mortality.