Article Abstract

Treatment of Kawasaki disease by different doses of immunoglobulin: A meta analysis of efficacy and safety

Authors: Jing Chen, Bin Ma, Li-Xing Lin, Yi-Ming Xue

Abstract

Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of different doses of immunoglobulin in the treatment of Kawasaki disease (KD).
Methods: The papers related to the treatment of KD were electronically searched in the databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang. Randomized clinical trials (RCT) on the treatment of KD with different doses of immunoglobulin were included and assessed for quality. A Mata analysis was performed by RevMan 5.0.
Results: Twenty-eight RCTs involving 2,596 cases were included. The results of Meta analysis showed that there were no significant differences in the incidences of coronary artery injuries at various phases, adverse reactions, and fever disappearance time between the immunoglobulin treatment groups at the doses of 1 g/(kg•d) for 1-2 days or 2 g/(kg•d) for single use. The fever disappearance time in the immunoglobulin treatment group at the dose of 1 g/(kg•d) for 1-2 days was significantly shorter than that in the immunoglobulin treatment group at the dose of 400 mg/(kg•d) for 4-5 days, but there were no significant differences in the incidences of coronary artery injuries at the acute phase and 6 months after treatment and in the adverse effects between the two groups. The incidence of coronary artery injuries at the acute phase and 6 months after treatment was significantly lower and the fever disappearance time was significantly shorter in the immunoglobulin treatment group at the dose of 2 g/(kg•d) for single use than those in the immunoglobulin treatment group at the dose of 400 mg/(kg•d) for 4-5 days, but there were no significant differences in the incidences of coronary artery injuries at the subacute phase and 12 months after treatment and adverse effects between the two groups.
Conclusions: There are similar efficacy for KD between the immunoglobulin treatment groups at the doses of 1 g/(kg•d) for 1-2 days and 2 g/(kg•d) for single use. The fever disappearance time in the two groups is shorter than that in the treatment group at the dose of 400 mg/(kg•d) for 4-5 days.