Hemispherectomy in the treatment of seizures: a review
The term hemispherectomy refers to the complete removal or functional disconnection of a cerebral hemisphere. The technique was initially developed over 85 years ago to treat infiltrating brain tumors but is now used exclusively for medically refractory epilepsy. Hemispherectomy surgery has progressed from an extremely morbid procedure fraught with complications to a fairly routine one performed at most pediatric epilepsy centers with relatively low risk and great efficacy. The author reviews the history and evolution of hemispherectomy surgery, the relevant pathological conditions, as well as outcomes and complications.