Unusual clinical and histologic findings in a child with mixed dentition with hereditary gingival fibromatosis: a case report

Han Gao, Jun Liang, Xiaoxue Xia, Zhaoming Deng, Zhaoqiang Zhang


Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is characterized by an accumulation of extracellular matrix resulting in a fibrotic enlargement of keratinized gingiva. The goal of this article is to describe one kindred affected with HGF and discuss the diagnosis, treatment, recurrence risk and histopathology features of the proband with mixed dentition. An 8-year-old boy reported with a chief complaint of gingival enlargement. A series of examinations were performed to make a diagnosis and family histories of the patient were recorded. Surgical therapy included gingivectomy and gingivoplasty technique were performed for the proband to remove excess gingiva. Collagen bundles in the permanent incisors area were prevalently significantly bulkier than that of the deciduous teeth area and the arrangement was much more regular. Microscopic evaluation revealed that epithelial hyperplasia was severe in tissue with intense inflammation, whereas tissue with mild inflammation showed only long and deep epithelial papillae. The patient was placed on a 3-month recall schedule and didn’t demonstrate any recurrence of gingival overgrowth over a 1-year follow-up period. The study revealed that the eruption of permanent teeth played an important role in accelerating gingival hyperplasia. For the first time, it was confirmed from histological perspective that inflammation in gingival tissue was crucial to the gingival overgrowth of HGF.