Interpretation of the Experts’ Consensus on the criteria for the diagnosis and grading of neonatal asphyxia in China
Neonatal asphyxia (NA) refers to a critically ill condition in which there is an acute interruption of gas exchange between mother and fetus via placental blood flow, causing severe fetal hypoxia and acidosis, which can be followed by the depression of respiratory,circulatory and central nervous systems. As a result, the neonates can not promptly gain and maintain normal breathing. However, there is still no relatively objective and scientifically rigorous assessment criteria for NA. Based on the research advances and real conditions in China and following the basic principles of evidence-based medicine, the Neonatal Professional Committee of Chinese Medical Doctor Association summoned a working panel to develop the diagnostic and grading criteria of NA to further standardize its clinical diagnosis and treatment (1). We hereby write this article to help the doctors further understand this Expert Consensus and apply it correctly in their clinical practices.